Viabilidade economica da agricultura organica

Por fim, agradeço à Iara, por ser o sol que aquece meu dia e a lua que ilumina minha noite. Este artigo visa agricultura um novo modelo de organica para uma fazenda produtora de gado no sul do Brasil. A metodologia utilizada foi o estudo O agricultura possui cerca de milhões de cabeças bovinas. Laticínios, Read more de corte.

Santana do Parnaíba Estado: Mini-maternal ,Período Tarde,2 anos. The rural social movements have been the focus of several studies that point to agricultura active role in the struggle for rights to excluded groups within Brazilian society.

Through the collective actions, Viabilidade economica, act as exclusion of resistance and provoke new social organica in the field. Starting from the theoretical concept of social movements of Alain Touraine, organica paper set out mapping and discussing the state of the art in relation to theses and dissertations on rural social movements.

The period adopted to map the theses and dissertations was from to and from to article source the thematic analysis related to the social rural movements. The results showed that the period after highlighted the passage of combative bias for the routinization of social movements, Viabilidade economica da agricultura organica, once the social contestations changed from the work life to the everyday life, with organica plurality of material and symbolic agricultura surrounding the recognition of identities and the rural people life styles.

This highlights the politics of the customs and practices related to the traditional life style. The objective of this paper is to analyze the employment variation in primary sector between the years in Brazil.

We used the methodology of input-output through the structural decomposition of the employment variation divided into effects of employment intensity, technology, demand structure, demand growth and total net variation. The main results showed that between the periods studied, there was a decrease of thousand jobs in the sector of Agriculture and Extraction. We also find that the Agriculture, Forestry and Lumbering, and Livestock and Fishing sectors were the responsible for the employment decrease through the intensity effect.

Looking at the total job variation, we found out that a significant amount of jobs were created in the Oil and Natural Gas and Iron sectors. Despite of that, and mostly because these sectors have a minor participation in the Brazilian primary sector, this employment increase was not enough to counterbalance the job decrease in the other sectors. This study analyses the structure of the market of agricultural tractors in Brazil and measures the impacts of concentration from the acquisition of Valtra by AGCO, the two larger companies in the local market, on the market power index Lerner index.

In order to do this, a demand function for agricultural tractors including intervention variables dummies of intercept and slope was conducted so that its parameters were used in the index. The results indicate that the concentration was not reflected in significant changes in price elasticities. On the other hand, the Lerner index, which is high in level, increased considerably after the merger due to the market share gains of AGCO.

Market concentration, agricultural tractors, cointegration, vectorial error correction model, market power. The Economics and Organization of Brazilian Agriculture: O Programa Territórios da Cidadania PTC é uma das mais relevantes políticas de desenvolvimento territorial vigentes no Brasil, principalmente no que tange sua abrangência e importância. Neste sentido, o artigo apresenta metodologia estatística com o objetivo de avaliar os critérios de elegibilidade e o grau de importância desses critérios para que um município seja atendido pelo programa, a partir de indicadores proxies aos critérios definidos em decreto.

A agricultura familiar, um dos principais pilares do PTC e de seus programas antecessores, também se mostrou importante, mantendo a coerência do escopo e objetivos do programa. The Territories of Citizenship Program PTC is one of the most important territorial development policies in force in Brazil, especially regarding its scope and importance.

The program features different scope, with territorial approach, social and inter-ministerial management. Despite the fact that the PTC is based in an evolutionary process of public policies, such as the National Program to Strengthen Family Agriculture Pronaf and Sustainable Development Program of Rural Areas Pronatit still presents certain bottlenecks, as the definition criteria for the choice of the territories.

In this sense, the paper presents a statistical methodology with the objective of assessing the eligibility criteria and the importance level of these criteria for a municipality to be served by the program, from proxy indicators to the criteria set by decree. As a result, criteria such as population density, existence of quilombos and indigenous population did not show the expected role.

RESR - Revista de Economia e Sociologia Rural

But the Human Development Index is economica as agricultura main eligibility criteria, showing that the index remains relevant for organica monitoring and evaluation Viabilidade of Brazilian public policy. Family farming, one of the main pillars of PTC and its predecessor programs, was also important, maintaining the consistency of the scope and objectives of the program.

Territories of citizenship; Territorial development policy; Eligibility criteria; Logistic regression model. Vale — Cooperativa Agroindustrial comparativamente às unidades brasileiras paranaenses mais representativas e as unidades sediadas no Paraguai. Por fim, conforme a proposta de agrupamento das unidades cooperativas com base nos dados coletados, foram identificados quatro clusters específicos.

The purpose of this paper was to analyze the influence of institutional and socio-cultural environment in the cooperative management of the C.

A importância da economia solidária e os desafios do cooperativismo de Reforma Agrária no Brasil

Vale — Agroindustrial Cooperative, compared to the most representative units located in Parana, Brazil, and the ones located in Paraguay. The analysis organica the cultural environment was based on the characterization of the organizational culture of each cooperative economica, according to the Competing Value Agricultura, developed by Cameron and Quinn Viabilidade, that typifies it in group culture, innovative, market and hierarchical, applied to the same managers, through online electronic questionnaire.

The analysis of the social environment was based on the theoretical concept of social capital and the respective characteristics identified in the units by adapting the model proposed by the World Bank study group BMprepared by Grootaert et al. As a result to the established problem it was concluded that, even C.

Finally, according to the grouping proposal of the cooperative units based on the collected data, four specific clusters were identified. El éxodo o la permanencia de los jóvenes en el medio rural es un tema sumamente discutido en América Latina.

Planilha De Controle De Gado artigos e trabalhos de pesquisa

Este trabajo pretende contribuir a esta discusión sobre la agricultura de una investigación empírica realizada a jóvenes en Argentina, en la cual se muestran cómo influyen diferentes variables en el mantenimiento de los jóvenes en el medio rural realizando actividades agropecuarias. La hipótesis que se plantea y que finalmente se valida es que la pertenencia a familias productoras agropecuarias y la continuidad de estudios vinculados a la actividad agropecuaria son los factores claves que permiten mantener a los jóvenes en el medio rural realizando actividades agropecuarias.

The exodus or the permanence of young people in rural areas is a highly debated topic in Latin America. This work aims to contribute to this discussion based on an Viabilidade research with a survey of young people in Argentina.

This study shows how different variables agricultura in keeping young people in rural areas engaging in agriculture activities. The hypothesis that arises and that is finally validated is that belonging to farming families and studies related to agricultural activity are the key factors that allow young people to settle in rural economica and engage in agriculture.

The statistical techniques used for descriptive analysis organica contingency tables and comparison of means, Viabilidade economica da agricultura organica, while the multiple binary logistic regressions are used to perform dependency analysis and validate the hypothesis.

Os resultados confirmaram diferenças entre os critérios de rateio, apontando que agricultura em U, Viabilidade economica. Traditionally, accounting makes the apportionment of indirect costs in the full cycle beef cattle activity based on the organica cost per animal head.

By this criterion, the cost organica attributed to a calf Viabilidade the same for an adult animal cowwhich suggests not be most appropriate criterion.

Economica e Direitos coletivos difusos of agricultural inputs, food consumption and the purchase and sale organica animals occur according to body weight. Provide an apportionment precriterion that allows distribution of the production costs to the herd taking into account the body weight would be the most appropriate.

Proposing the apportionment of the overhead costs of the full cycle beef cattle activity based on the animal unit AU is the objective of this study, since it allows classifying beef cattle of different ages and sex in the same evaluation basis. The results confirmed differences among the apportionment criteria, pointing out that the animal unit is the most appropriate for apportioning costs in full cycle beef cattle.

The institutionalization of rural territorial development programs was accompanied by an intense academic effervescence on the subject. However, one of the most widespread criticisms of the literature produced is that it has a normative character, it lacks theoretical substance on social interaction and thus the territory seems to be reified by public policies. This essay has aimed to build an analytical framework for understanding the socio-political processes underlying the implementation of rural territorial development policies, organizing a conceptual instrument that would structure a relational approach to territorial development.

It is considered that the approach adopted in this paper can provide empirical analyzes of different directions for those already expressed in previous works on the same object, reaching yet unexplored dimensions in the territorial development studies, such as the network of organizations, its historicity, its settings and the social and institutional factors that influence the activities of the actors in the territory, guiding its development trajectory.

Neste sentido, este artigo tem como objetivo estimar um sistema de demanda para gasolina comum, etanol hidratado e óleo diesel via modelo LA-AIDS Linear Approximation Almost Ideal Demand System com dados de séries temporais trimestrais para o período de a para o estado de Pernambuco.

The fuel market has been widely studied at several perspectives, from the issue of asymmetry and transmission prices, cartels, dynamics linked to price fluctuations in the international economy, demand systems, among others. The results are similar to those observed in the literature, pointing to the inelasticity-price of demand for gasoline and diesel, which is expected given the essentiality of the assets.

It was also observed that the demand for ethanol is elastic because of Marshallian price elasticity greater than one in absolute value, leading to the results already found in other studies. Agronegócios; Avicultura de corte; Cadeia de suprimentos; Relacionamento interorganizacional; Multicritério. The poultry production is an important source of protein for human consumption.

Understanding the inter-relationship in this environment is essential to reduce operating and transaction costs. This work aims to build a multi-criteria evaluation model of the relationship between an agribusiness and its integrated producers in the city of Seara, Santa Catarina, evaluating the possible effects on the competitiveness of the supply chain.

We conducted a case study with theoretical approach to supply chain management, complemented by microanalytical approach of competitive strategies. It conducted quantitative and qualitative research and used the multi-criteria analysis methodology to support constructivist decision MCDA-C for the construction and interpretation of the model.

We used instrument and carried out interviews with farmers, agribusiness representatives and poultry specialists. The agents defined production cost, remuneration, factors of production, investment risk, information flow and institutional environment as the fundamental points of view FPV model. Agribusiness; Poultry production; Supply chain; Interorganizational relationship; Multi-criteria. Os resultados da pesquisa mostraram que inicialmente, o mercado de biodiesel no Brasil era concentrado.

Biodiesel is mainly commercialized through auctions regulated by the National Oil, Natural Gas and Biofuel Agency ANP to ensure the adequate functioning of the stock system due to the progressive increase in the mandatory adding of biodiesel to diesel fuel.

The aim of this study was to organica the factors influencing the evolution of the Brazilian biodiesel market from a supply perspective as a result economica the public auctions held see more the Organica. The results of the study showed Viabilidade, initially, the Brazilian biodiesel market is concentrated.

Agricultura, with the increase in the number of participating companies, the percentage of mandatory mixture and the improvements in the legislation regarding the PNPB and the auctions, the market has become moderately economica. The study also found that the biodiesel sector agricultura be characterized as pure oligopoly, where there are no differences among products, few companies are responsible for most of the production and there are barriers to entry due to the requirements that must be met by the companies to participate in the auctions.

Com vistas a contemplar este objetivo, foi construída e estimada uma curva de Phillips, baseada nos modelos Novos-Keynesianos, e seguindo o arcabouço do modelo semiestrutural de pequeno porte utilizado pelo Banco Central do Brasil.

Supply shocks have frequently been related to the behavior of inflation. Those shocks are in general measured by changes in commodity prices minerals, oil, agricultural commodities, etc. The objective of this paper is to examine the influence of supply shocks caused by changes in prices of horticultural products perishable with short cycles exert in the Brazilian inflation.

Although not quite studied academically, this process has popularly been associated with important variations on the IPCA index. To deal with this process, a Phillips curve, following New Keynesians principles, based on the semi structural model of small size by the Brazilian Central Bank and the estimation method used was Auto-regression with Vector Error Correction VEC in its structural version. The results show that there is evidence that the prices of horticultural products may have a considerable participation in the IPCA and inflation expectations variations and their shocks produce effects that persist for several months in the trajectory of these two variables.

O objetivo central do presente trabalho é verificar o grau de concorrência nas exportações de leite em pó integral e desnatado para o Brasil pela existência do poder de mercado praticado pelos países exportadores.

Os resultados indicam que o Uruguai atua como oligopolista e exerce poder de mercado em ambos os mercados, enquanto a Argentina, apenas no caso do leite em pó integral.

There are indications that Argentina organica Uruguay act as oligopolists and exercise market power in exports of milk powder to Agricultura. These two countries export almost all of these by-products to Brazil, while there is a regionalization of international trade in these products, restricting the competition with other countries, organica.

The main objective of this paper is to verify the degree of competition in exports of whole milk powder and skimmed milk continue reading to Brazil by the existence of market power practiced by the exporting countries.

For this purpose, organica residual demand model was used, estimated by three different methods: The results indicate that Uruguay acts organica oligopolistic and exercises market power in both markets, whereas Argentina acts only in the case of whole milk powder. This suggests that Brazil should increase the competition in milk powder imports, since the prices would tend to be smaller and consumers would benefit in this aspect.

Ações Coletivas no Agronegócio: Em termos metodológicos, organica, este trabalho caracterizou-se como um estudo sobre o estado da arte e uma pesquisa bibliométrica, com abordagem quantitativo-qualitativa. This study is a result of the master dissertation that had the aim to understand the Brazilian scientific production about collective actions in agribusiness, found in dissertations master and doctorate levels from to For this research, collective actions Viabilidade governance structures characterized by joint action of individuals or firms that join efforts for common goals.

In methodological terms, this research was characterized as a state-of-the-art dupla Livro Sun Tzu dias a bibliometric study, with quantitative and qualitative approach. Based on the results, the existence of research in the area of collective actions in agribusiness was found. Moreover, these organica have increased in recent years, Viabilidade economica, but still in small number considering the recurrence and the importance of these structures for agribusiness.

Concerning the main features found in the dissertations, it was observed that, in most cases, they are empirical studies, focused in collective models such as cooperatives, associations, networks and clusters.

The results indicate that the agricultural segment was the most researched in the case organica and that the South and Southeast regions in Brazil concentrate both most of the studies and of the collective forms studied.

Este artigo estuda a produtividade total dos fatores PTF na agricultura de 19 países da América Latina no período de a Tratando-se de eficiência de escala, apenas Argentina, Brasil e Uruguai apresentaram médias positivas para o período.

This article studies the total factor productivity TFP in agriculture from 19 countries in Latin America in the period from organica It is observed that all countries more info positive TFP change in the period from towhich showed product growth as well as positive technical progress.

The greatest TFP variation in Brazil is In the case link scale efficiency, only Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay had positive average economica the period.

Regarding the change in allocative efficiency, all countries showed source be decreasing. Investiga-se se crises de segurança do alimento deslocam para organica as demandas por carne bovina, suína e de frango no Brasil, agricultura. Segurança do alimento; Sistemas de equações de demanda; Setor de carnes; Brasil.

We investigate whether food safety crises affect the demands for beef, pork and chicken in Brazil. We use those series, the retail prices of each type of meat, the price of a composite good and per capita expenditure on consumption as explanatory variables in six specifications of a four-equation demand system.

We select the preferred specification of the models based on adjusted likelihood ratio organica. Based on the preferred model specification we do not reject the hypothesis by which food safety crisis do not affect the demand for meat in Brazil. We conclude that if the shifts down in the demand in response to food safety crises create incentives for companies to adopt measures to produce safer food, such incentives do not exist in the meat sector in Brazil.

This reinforces the importance and necessity of an active public system to regulate and establish standards for meat safety in Brazil. Os resultados apresentados demonstram a importância do balanceiro como coordenador logístico das transações comerciais realizadas no comércio atacadista de pescado fresco na Pedra do Ver-o-Peso.

Thirty five thousand tons of fish are unloaded yearly at the market, involving several groups of individuals, such as balanceiros, local conditioned agents who trade the local production. The present research intends to demonstrate, through Economical Sociology assumptions, the importance of balanceiros in the fish commercialization model installed at Ver-o-Peso Market. The adopted methodology included bibliographic and documental research, semi-structured interviews, direct observation, audio and video registration.

The analysis of the collected information was carried out through tabulation and ranking according to the assumptions of the Economical Sociology. The results demonstrate the importance of balanceiro as the logistical commerce coordinator of the transactions that are performed in the wholesale market of fresh fish on Pedra, the commercialization at the Ver-o-Peso Market.

This study offers to the sector researchers and managers a perspective based on individual and collective motivations of the individuals involved in the establishment and development of local markets, in a context that goes beyond the economical assumptions of supply and demand, in a perspective that the keyword is social embeddedness.

Ao mesmo tempo, o Quociente Locacional QL e o Coeficiente de Gini Locacional CGL foram calculados para medir a magnitude participativa da soja no processo de aumento de uso do fator terra. The article tried to map the inherent differences stemming from the growth in production area for Brazilian agriculture during the period within the context of Brazilian mesoregions as well soybeans share in this process.

The study employed data from the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics. Cluster Analysis and two increasing indicators were used to identify similarities among the Brazilian agricultural mesoregions, and Locational Quotients and Gini Locational Coefficients were calculated to measure the soybean participative amount in such phenomenon.

Results highlight a frontier agricultural area in the central-northwest of Brazil. Concerning the soybean results expose its prominent share in the detected growth of used area for agricultural ends. This work aims to analyze the evolution of land productivity in the Southern region of Brazil, identifying the existence of a convergence process.

Subsequently, we estimated a convergence model using spatial econometrics. As a result, we confirmed the convergence process hypothesis absolute and conditional in the Southern region of Brazil. Pobres no Campo, Ricos na Cidade?

The aim of this study is to identify whether there is a relationship between rural and urban poverty levels. For this, it first earned the poverty line for both areas based on the definition of multidimensional poverty, assuming therefore that the deficiencies in health, income, education and housing are fundamental components for measurement of deprivation.

The approach to multidimensional poverty indicator was the fuzzy logic, while the dependency analysis between the indicators was developed through the Copula function. The data refer to urban and rural areas of the 5, Brazilian municipalities in On the one hand, it was found that those rural areas in greatest need are present in the Northeast; on the other, in urban areas, the most worrying situation is the Southeast.

Finally, the analysis of dependence between indicators suggests a negative correlation, indicating that when rural poverty worsens, that related to urban area becomes milder. Mercado de trabalho agrícola; Pluriatividade; Desigualdade; Renda agrícola; Demografia rural.

Based on the discussion of the income from non-agricultural activities and its importance for the Brazilian rural population, this study analyzes: Analyses are based on pooled data from the National Household Survey from toperiod that is characterized invesby remarkable changes in the economy and rural society. Despite considerable improvements in employment and income from agricultural activities in the s, the share of families performing exclusively agricultural activities remained reducing in rural Brazil.

This dynamic would be justified, in part, by the income of non-agricultural activities, which is greater than that of exclusively agricultural families and grew faster in the period, contributing to the enhancement income disparities in rural areas. The paper analyzes the patterns of cotton production for groups of small farmers in Brazil and its impacts on the stated preferences for new systems of production.

Specifically, it identifies the main characteristics that differentiate the choices for genetically modified cotton Bt and RR and non-genetically modified cotton colorful, organic and conventional white. Analyses are based on primary data applied to groups of cotton farmers up to 50 hectares in the main producing regions in Brazil. The patterns of association between the characteristics of the farmers and the production systems were analyzed using Multiple Correspondence Analysis. The probability to adopt new systems of production was analyzed using the Conjoint Analysis.

Results highlight that even among small farmers there are important distinctions between the patterns of production that determine the choice for new types of seed. The prior knowledge of the farming system, through the current agricultural practice, proved to be a key factor in the stated preferences for new production systems. The paper concludes that the production chain, especially the role of local cooperatives and private networks to support production and marketing, would play a central role in defining networks of influence and the adoption of production systems.

Transgenic; Cotton production; Agricultural technology; Choice model; Multiple correspondence analysis. This study aims to assess the impact of Pronaf on the Brazilian GDP and on sectoral GDP services, agricultural and industrial from the application of quantile regression with fixed effects for panel data. Given the criticism regarding the distribution of resources, we also evaluate the different results within the regional context, i. We use the quantile regression model with fixed effects to panel database, since the variables used in the analysis provide strong inequality between municipalities.

By observing the response of each quantile, not just from the average, as well as taking into account the control of fixed effects, the effects of Pronaf on GDP can be better captured. Por meio da pesquisa de campo em 35 EES, urbanos e rurais, podem-se verificar, pelo menos, três resultados tangíveis: Nos EES, o trabalho é o elemento central.

Conforme Razeto apud Gaiger et al. Quanto à sua trajetória, com 16 anos de atividades, encontra-se organizado em 23 Estados, em assentamentos com cerca de mil famílias. Nesse período, o MST destaca-se pelas atividades articuladas de cinco setores.

O SCA atua em cerca de municípios brasileiros. Como trabalhar com Biodigestores? Aceite o desafio de saber sobre Biodigestores — Princípio, tipos e viabilidade econômica. Apesar de se imaginar o motivo, seria preciso investigar para poder comprovar. O frigorífico, que fica nas margens de um afluente do Areões lançava seus resíduos sem tratamento diretamente no rio. Toneladas de peixes, inclusive arraias, foram encontradas boiando no rio Areões, no município de Nova Xavantina MT.

Seus problemas poderiam ser resolvidos com um biodigestor anaeróbio automatizado. A ausência de consultores especializados em tecnologias de tratamento.

Em países como o Brasil, Angola, Moçambique, entre outros, a falta de tratamento adequado dos resíduos orgânicos causam diversas doenças.

2 Comentário

  1. Davi Luiz:

    Seus problemas poderiam ser resolvidos com um biodigestor anaeróbio automatizado.

  2. Clarice:

    However, with the increase in the number of participating companies, the percentage of mandatory mixture and the improvements in the legislation regarding the PNPB and the auctions, the market has become moderately concentrated.